The IRS “Common Law” Test: The most important consideration in determining whether an employer-employee relationship exists with an individual is whether the Institution has the right to instruct and control the individual with respect to both the results and the details of the work that is to be performed. The IRS has developed a 20-factor “common law” test which it uses to assist in the determination of whether sufficient control and supervision exist to warrant an employee classification of an individual. A link regarding the 20 factors included in the IRS Common Law Test is included in Related Information. However, no definitive combination of factors has been established by the IRS with which a concrete determination can be made. The factors are simply indicators which may be used to assist in determining the degree of control that may be exercised over the individual, and thus the most appropriate classification for the individual.
Department Responsibility: The primary responsibility for determining the classification of an individual as an employee or an independent contractor rests with the department obtaining the personal services. The department must make the initial determination by review and application of the factors associated with work of the individual.
Examples of Individuals Generally Classified as Employees:
Examples of Individuals Generally Classified as Independent Contractors:
Please consult the Employee vs. Independent Contractor powerpoint link under Policy Appendices for additional assistance in the determination of how to classify a worker.
For assistance with the payment of independent contractors, please refer to the Purchasing and Payment Processing Policy 2.1.2 link provided under Related Information.
Phone Number: (706) 542-3431
Employee: An individual who performs personal services for the institution where the institution has the right to control and direct the individual who performs the services, not only as to the result to be accomplished, but also as to the details and means by which that result is to be accomplished. It is not necessary that the institution actually direct or control the manner in which the services are performed; it is sufficient to establish an employee-employer relationship that the institution has the right to do so.
Employer: The institution, when it has a relationship with an individual performing services for its benefit, and where the institution has the right to subject the individual to its will, and control not only what shall be done but how it shall be done.
Independent Contractor: An individual who performs personal services for the institution where the institution has the right to specify the result to be accomplished by the work, but not the means and methods by which the result is to be accomplished.